Endometriosis Causes Extra Layer of Tissue to Grow | Lifestyles
Much like the endometrial lining in the uterus, this ectopic tissue responds to the monthly progression of hormones. However, as it grows outside the uterus, when the tissue breaks down, it has nowhere to go. Over time, he becomes trapped. This can lead to inflammation and irritation, severe period pain, cysts on the ovaries, and scar tissue formation. In some people, scar tissue can turn into adhesions. These are bands of fibrous tissue that can cause the organs and structures of the pelvic cavity to stick together. Besides causing pain and discomfort, adhesions can affect a person’s fertility.
Symptoms of endometriosis range from mild to severe. They include unusually heavy or painful periods, pain during or after sex, painful urination or stools during periods, spotting between periods, and difficulty getting pregnant. Diagnosis can include a pelvic exam, ultrasound, MRI, or laparoscopy, each offering a different way to view the pelvic cavity. Treatment, which depends on the specifics of each person’s case, may include pain relievers; hormone therapy to manage pain and tissue growth; surgery to remove extrauterine tissue; and, if necessary, fertility treatments. Hysterectomy, which was once the procedure of choice in severe cases, is no longer automatically recommended.
The cause of endometriosis is not yet known, but a family history is a risk factor for developing the disease. It is therefore important for your daughter to inform her gynecologist about the symptoms she is experiencing.
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