Learn about endometriosis, the most ignored gynecological disorder in women; Read on and find out what it is –
You may be familiar with the term “endometriosis”. You may also have heard that pop star Halsey and Indian actress Sumona Chakravarti have been diagnosed with severe endometriosis. What exactly is endometriosis? And why should we talk about it?
Well, first, let’s define endometriosis. It is a disorder in which a woman of childbearing age has difficulty conceiving a baby. The condition which can extend into your 40s can be described as abnormal growth of tissue outside the uterus. It can affect any organ associated with reproduction. Not only that, endometriosis prevents one from having good health.
Common symptoms of endometriosis are painful menstruation, cramps, painful sex, constipation, loose movement, bloating, back pain, leg pain, pain when urinating, pain when urinating. bowel movements, rectal bleeding, severe pelvic pain, infertility, long menstrual cycles, nausea. and vomiting. Thus, it prevents women from enjoying their activities of daily living by inflicting constant pain and mental stress on them. It also affects women’s self-esteem and focus. However, not all women with endometriosis need to have these symptoms.
A recent medical report shows that cases of endometriosis are on the rise after the second wave of Covid-19. This is mainly due to a noticeable change in lifestyle and eating habits. The mental stress of remote working and an imbalance between work and personal life have contributed to the sudden rise in endometriosis. Experts are also of the opinion that severe endometriosis will lead to pelvic and breast cancer. Timely diagnosis, proper treatment, awareness and a healthy lifestyle are essential to save women with endometriosis.
Stages of endometriosis:
First of all, women should be aware of the condition. Because doctors find it difficult to diagnose it at an early stage and it does not fall into the “rare” category. The condition does not receive enough attention as there is a tendency to normalize painful, long and irregular periods.
There are four stages for endometriosis. Indeed, the first stage of endometriosis is minimal. Here, the affected person will develop small amounts of endometriotic tissue on the ovary. The pelvic area may swell during the initial stage. Since these are internal changes, it is really difficult to diagnose the disorder early on, which makes it worse.
In the second or “mild” stage, more adhesions may appear on or around the ovaries. They are usually not detected by ultrasound measurements. Therefore, they are defined as “insignificant”, but in reality they are not.
When it reaches the third stage, doctors prefer to call it moderate stage. Here, the adhesions will be obvious. The cysts will be visible on the ovaries. On top of that, there will be growth in other areas of the basin.
Finally, in the fourth stage commonly called “severe”, there will be a large number of cysts and adhesions on the ovarian and pelvic regions. These can affect the fallopian tubes and intestines and cause bowel movements with terrible period pain.
A third and fourth stage require surgery carried out by a well-trained and coordinated team of specialists. As it falls outside the scope of routine obstetrics and gynecology, treatment must also be provided by centers specializing in endometriosis.
The patient who has had surgery for endometriosis can be discharged from the hospital within 2-3 days. But she should follow strict dietary practices and include fitness tips in her chart. Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids like flax seeds, nuts, salmon, fresh fruits and vegetables will help. Experts also advise avoiding fatty foods, alcohol, and caffeine altogether to prevent endometriosis from reaching a more critical stage.